By W. Gelford. Appalachian State University.
Cutaneous syndactyly—Fusion of the soft tissue between fingers or toes resulting in a webbed Approximately one third of Carpenter syndrome appearance generic rumalaya forte 30pills with amex. These may include: narrowing of the artery that delivers blood from Gene—A building block of inheritance, which the heart to the lungs (pulmonary stenosis); blue baby contains the instructions for the production of a syndrome, due to various defects in the structure of the particular protein, and is made up of a molecular heart or its major blood vessels; transposition of the sequence found on a section of DNA. Each gene is major blood vessels, meaning that the aorta and pul- found on a precise location on a chromosome. In some persons diagnosed with Carpenter syn- Scaphocephaly—An abnormally long and narrow drome, additional physical problems are present. Individuals are often short or overweight, with males Syndactyly—Webbing or fusion between the fin- having a disorder in which the testicles fail to descend gers or toes. Another problem is caused by parts of the large intestine coming through an abnormal opening near the navel (umbilical hernia). This is measured as a decrease in the A-P diameter, which indicates that look- ing down on the top of the skull, the diameter of the head Diagnosis is less than normal in the front-to-back orientation. Individuals affected with this condition have poorly The diagnosis of Carpenter syndrome is made based formed eye sockets and foreheads. This causes a smaller on the presence of the bicoronal and sagittal skull mal- than normal sized eye socket that can cause eyesight formation, which produces a cone-shaped or short and complications. These complications include damage to broad skull, accompanied by partially fused or extra fin- the optic nerve, which can cause a loss of visual clarity; gers or toes (syndactly or polydactyly). Skull x rays bulging eyeballs resulting from the shallow orbits and/or a CT scan may also be used to diagnose the skull (exophthalmus), which usually damages the eye cornea; malformations correctly. Other genetic disorders are also widely spaced eyes; and a narrowing of the sinuses and characterized by the same types of skull deformities and tear ducts that can cause inflammation of the mucous some genetic tests are available for them. Thus, positive membranes that line the exposed portion of the eyeball results on these tests can rule out the possibility of (conjunctivitis). In the most severe cases of Carpenter to produce pictures of the fetus, is generally used to syndrome, it may be necessary to treat feeding and respi- examine the development of the skull in the second and ratory problems that are associated with the malformed third months of pregnancy, but the images are not, as of palate and sinuses. Obesity is associated with Carpenter 2000, always clear enough to properly diagnose the type syndrome and dietary management throughout the of skull deformity, if present.
Drinking aniseed tea soothes mucous mem- anise is from the chemicals dianethole and photoanethole buy 30 pills rumalaya forte, branes. Aniseed can be used as an expectorant and drink- the essential oil of anise contain these chemicals and can ing aniseed tea soothes the throat. Aniseed can also be used to make an herbal tea which can help relieve physical complaints. As a medicinal plant, anise has been used as an antibac- terial, an antimicrobial, an antiseptic, an antispasmodic, a • Cough. Can be used as an expectorant, especially for breath freshener, a carminative, a diaphoretic, a digestive hard, dry coughs where expectoration is difficult. Aniseed can be used to alleviate a persistent muscle relaxant, a parasiticide, a stimulant, and a stomachic. Anise promotes digestion, which may help through the nose to help ease breathing and relieve improve anemia due to inefficient absorption of iron. Essential oil of anise may be inhaled through the nose to help ease breathing and relieve nasal con- • Gas and gas pains. Tea made from anise can help alle- Anemia—Condition in which the blood is defi- viate morning sickness during pregnancy. Drinking aniseed tea alleviates pain of action of microorganisms especially in or on liv- sore throat. Antispasmodic—A substance capable of preven- tion or relieving spasms or convulsions. Preparations Carminative—A substance that expels gas from the alimentary canal to relieve colic or griping. May be added to foods when cooking to flavor and aid digestion, or may be taken whole in doses Catarrh—Inflammation of a mucous membrane, of 1-3 tsp of dried anise seeds per day. To help relieve a Diuretic—A substance that increases the flow of cough, coltsfoot, marsh mallow, hyssop, and licorice urine. Infants should only receive 1 tsp Estrogenic—A substance that promotes estrus, the of boiled, prepared tea.
Some of Current medical research continues to refine our these cells produce antibodies discount rumalaya forte 30 pills line, large molecules made up understanding of how genes influence the development of proteins, that attack specific types of antigens. Allergens stimulate the immune system to itance and expression of a genetic mutation. This condition produces symptoms such as inflammation of tissues and production of Hypersensitive—A process or reaction that occurs excess mucus in respiratory system. Antibody—A protein produced by the mature B IgE—An antibody composed of protein; specific cells of the immune system that attach to invading forms of IgE produced by cells of immune system in microorganisms and target them for destruction by response to different antigens that contact the body; other immune system cells. Antigen—A substance or organism that is foreign to Immune system—A major system of the body that the body and stimulates a response from the produces specialized cells and substances that immune system. A major system of the body that pro- Atopic—A condition or disease that is the result of duces specialized cells and substances that interact an allergic reaction. Recessive gene—A type of gene that is not Gene—A building block of inheritance, which con- expressed as a trait unless inherited by both parents. Each gene is Sensitization—Change in immune system so that it found on a precise location on a chromosome. The immune system “remembers” its contact with IgE antibodies specific antigens, such as viruses, bacteria, and other In more detail, scientists have identified a specific pathogenic organisms, house dust mites, and plant set of genes (on the long arm of Chromosome 5, to be pollen. Any subsequent—or future—encounter with a exact) that force the immune system to make above nor- “known” antigen stimulates the immune system to pro- mal amounts of the allergic antibody called duce antibodies that specifically target that antigen. IgE is an GALE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF GENETIC DISORDERS 117 antibody composed of a large Y-shaped protein mole- Recent genetic research may result in some major cule. The immune system produces this antibody in changes in our understanding of the role of specific genes response to the presence of foreign substances—aller- in asthma. British scientists have tentatively identified a gens—such as dust mites or pet hair. IgE is made by the single gene that could be responsible for as many as plasma cells of the immune system.